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lunes, 22 de septiembre de 2014
The durability of examination gloves used on intensive care units
Methods: A total number of 1500 consecutively used pairs of examination gloves of two different brands and materials (latex and nitrile) were collected over a period of two months on two ICU’s. Used gloves were examined for micro perforations using the “water-proof-test” according to EN 455–1. Cox-regression for both glove types was used to estimate optimal changing intervals.
Results: Only 26% of gloves were worn longer than 15 min. The total perforation rate was 10.3% with significant differences and deterioration of integrity of gloves between brands (p<0.001). Apart from the brand, “change of wound dressing” (p = 0.049) and “washing patients” (p = 0.001) were also significantly associated with an increased risk of perforation.
Conclusion: Medical gloves show marked differences in their durability that cannot be predicted based on the technical data routinely provided by the manufacturer. Based on the increase of micro perforations over time and the wearing behavior, recommendations for maximum wearing time of gloves should be given. Changing of gloves after 15 min could be a good compromise between feasibility and safety. HCWs should be aware of the benefits and limitations of medical gloves. To improve personal hygiene hand disinfection should be further encouraged.
Keywords: Hand hygiene, Examination gloves, Micro perforation, Glove change, Intensive care unit, Disinfection, Multi-barrier strategy
Hübner NO, et al. The durability of examination gloves used on intensive care units. BMC Infect Dis. 2013; 13: 226.
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Publicado por Julietta Torres