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viernes, 12 de septiembre de 2014

UNICEF recruiting healthcare workers & other specialists

Ebola Crisis Response

The current crisis in West Africa is the largest Ebola outbreak ever reported, with 26 million people, including over 4.5 million children living in affected areas.

UNICEF is on the ground, working with community and religious leaders, youth organizations and others to fight widespread misconceptions about the disease and improve hygiene practices. UNICEF is also providing water and sanitation services to the affected communities, particularly through the procurement of water, sanitation and hygiene equipment and supplies -- as well as appropriate training for the health and medical partners.

As part of our drive to tackle the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, UNICEF seeks committed professionals, ready to be deployed immediately to countries in the affected area in the domains of Health and Nutrition, Communication for Development and Water and Sanitation.

Do you have the skills, competency and technical knowledge that we seek? Are you available to be deployed on short notice? UNICEF would like to hear from you.

Apply to our vacancies below and help our response to the Ebola crisis.

This page will be updated regularly to reflect our vacancies below in Ebola affected countries.

For more information, or if you have difficulties in applying, contact us at eRecruitment@unicef.org.

Check the full list of vacancies at: 
http://www.unicef.org/about/employ/index_75734.html

lunes, 8 de septiembre de 2014

WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care

The WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care provide health-care workers (HCWs), hospital administrators and health authorities with a thorough review of evidence on hand hygiene in health care and specific recommendations to improve practices and reduce transmission of pathogenic microorganisms to patients and HCWs.
The present guidelines are intended to be implemented in any situation in which health care is delivered either to a patient or to a specific group in a population. Therefore, this concept applies to all settings where health care is permanently or occasionally performed, such as home care by birth attendants. Definitions of health-care settings are proposed in Appendix 1.
REFERENCE:
WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care
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viernes, 5 de septiembre de 2014

WHO Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014

     Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. An increasing number of governments around the world are devoting efforts to a problem so serious that it threatens the achievements of modern medicine. A post-antibiotic era – in which common infections and minor injuries can kill – far from being an apocalyptic fantasy, is instead a very real possibility for the 21st Century. This WHO report, produced in collaboration with Member States and other partners, provides for the first time, as accurate a picture as is presently possible of the magnitude of AMR and the current state of surveillance globally.
     The report makes a clear case that resistance to common bacteria has reached alarming levels in many parts of the world and that in some settings, few, if any, of the available treatments options remain effective for common infections. Another important finding of the report is that surveillance of antibacterial resistance is neither coordinated nor harmonized and there are many gaps in information on bacteria of major public health importance. Strengthening global AMR surveillance is critical as it is the basis for informing global strategies, monitoring the effectiveness of public health interventions and detecting new trends and threats. As WHO, along with partners across many sectors moves ahead in developing a global action plan to mitigate AMR, this report will serve as a baseline to measure future progress.
REFERENCE:
WHO Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014
     SLIDE SET   |    INFOGRAPHIC   |   SUMMARY
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miércoles, 3 de septiembre de 2014

Reducing Needle Stick Injuries in Healthcare Occupations

oasisdiscussions.ca
Needlestick injuries frequently occur among healthcare workers, introducing high risk of bloodborne pathogen infection for surgeons, assistants, and nurses. This systematic review aims to explore the impact of both educational training and safeguard interventions to reduce needlestick injuries. Several databases were searched including MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SCOPUS, CINAHL and Sciencedirect. Studies were selected if the intervention contained a study group and a control group and were published between 2000 and 2010. Of the fourteen studies reviewed, nine evaluated a double-gloving method, one evaluated the effectiveness of blunt needle, and one evaluated a bloodborne pathogen educational training program. Ten studies reported an overall reduction in glove perforations for the intervention group. In conclusion, this review suggests that both safeguard interventions and educational training programs are effective in reducing the risk of having needlestick injuries. However, more studies using a combination of both safeguards and educational interventions in surgical and nonsurgical settings are needed.
REFERENCE:
Yang L, Mullan B. Reducing needle stick injuries in healthcare occupations: an integrative review of the literature. ISRN Nurs. 2011;2011:315432.
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martes, 2 de septiembre de 2014

Infection Control During Filoviral Hemorrhagic Fever Outbreaks #Ebola

Breaking the human-to-human transmission cycle remains the cornerstone of infection control during filoviral (Ebola and Marburg) hemorrhagic fever outbreaks. This requires effective identification and isolation of cases, timely contact tracing and monitoring, proper usage of barrier personal protection gear by health workers, and safely conducted burials. Solely implementing these measures is insufficient for infection control; control efforts must be culturally sensitive and conducted in a transparent manner to promote the necessary trust between the community and infection control team in order to succeed. This article provides a review of the literature on infection control during filoviral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks focusing on outbreaks in a developing setting and lessons learned from previous outbreaks. The primary search database used to review the literature was PUBMED, the National Library of Medicine website.

REFERENCES:
  1. Raabea VN, Borcherta M. Infection control during filoviral hemorrhagic Fever outbreaks. J Glob Infect Dis. 2012 Jan;4(1):69-74.
  2. CDC Interim Guidance for Environmental Infection Control in Hospitals for Ebola Virus
  3. WHO Interim Infection Prevention and Control Guidance for Care of Patients with Suspected or Confirmed Filovirus Haemorrhagic Fever  in Health-Care Settings, with Focus on Ebola
  4. Health Canada. Interim Biosafety Guidelines for Laboratories Handling Specimens from Patients Under Investigation for Ebola Virus Disease
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jueves, 28 de agosto de 2014

.@WHO & CDC Interim Guidelines for #Ebola

CDC ebola print resources
This document provides a summary of infection prevention and control (IPC) measures for those providing direct and non-direct care to patients with suspected or confirmed cases of Filovirus haemorrhagic fever (HF), including Ebola or Marburg haemorrhagic fevers, in health-care facilities (HCFs). It also includes some instructions and directions for those managing the implementation of IPC activities. These IPC measures should be applied not only by health-care professionals but by anyone in direct contact with patients (e.g., visitors, family members, volunteers), as well as by those not in contact with patients but potentially exposed the virus through contact with the environment (e.g., c leaners, laundry, house-keepers, security).
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martes, 26 de agosto de 2014

Safe management of wastes from healthcare activities - Second edition

The waste produced in the course of health-care activities, from contaminated needles to radioactive isotopes, carries a greater potential for causing infection and injury than any other type of waste, and inadequate or inappropriate management is likely to have serious public health consequences and deleterious effects on the environment. This handbook – the result of extensive international consultation and collaboration – provides comprehensive guidance on safe, efficient, and environmentally sound methods for the handling and disposal of health-care wastes in normal situations and emergencies. Future issues such as climate change and the changing patterns of diseases and their impacts on health-care waste management are also discussed.
For health-care settings in which resources are severely limited, the handbook pays particular attention to basic processes and technologies that are not only safe, but also affordable, sustainable, and culturally appropriate. The guide is aimed at public health managers and policy-makers, hospital managers, environmental health professionals, and all administrators with an interest in and responsibility for waste management. Its scope is such that it will find application in developing and developed countries alike.
REFERENCIA:
Safe management of wastes from healthcare activities - Second edition
DESCARGA OPCIONAL
Edited by Yves Chartier, Jorge Emmanuel, Ute Pieper,Annette Prüss,
Philip Rushbrook, Ruth Stringer, William Townend,
Susan Wilburn and Raki Zghondi.
© 2014, WHO
ISBN 978 92 4 154856 4
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lunes, 25 de agosto de 2014

viernes, 22 de agosto de 2014

IFBA Certification of Biorisk Management Professionals

DESCARGAR 
Certification Program
Ensuring Quality Biorisk Management 
Through  Certification of Professionals
The International Federation of Biosafety Associations (IFBA) is launching a new certification program for biorisk management and biosafety professionals worldwide. This distinctive program strives to fulfill our mission of “safe, secure and responsible work with biological materials” by advancing the body of knowledge and increasing the competency of our profession. IFBA’s certificants bring increased value to their employers by demonstrating competence to carry out their responsibilities and by achieving high standards of excellence, professionalism, and continuous learning. By earning certifications from the IFBA, individuals reap the benefits of safer workplaces, career advancement, and international recognition among colleagues.
Professional certifications are offered in the following technical disciplines:

  • Biorisk Management (Pre-requisite certification for all others)
  • Biological Waste Management
  • Biocontainment Laboratory Design & Maintenance (coming soon)
  • Laboratory Biosecurity (coming soon)
  • Biological Safety Cabinets (coming soon)

For further information please visit www.internationalbiosafety.org
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jueves, 21 de agosto de 2014

The International #Ebola Emergency

On August 8, 33 weeks into the longest, largest, and most widespread Ebola outbreak on record, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the epidemic to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). This declaration was not made lightly. A PHEIC is an instrument of the International Health Regulations (IHR) — a legally binding agreement made by 196 countries on containment of major international health threats.
The August 8 statement made by WHO Director-General Margaret Chan followed advice from the independent IHR Emergency Committee. Reviewing all the available evidence, the committee concluded that further international spread of Ebola could have serious consequences. Their concern was based on the continuing transmission of Ebola in West African communities and health facilities, the high case fatality rate of Ebola virus disease (EVD), and the weak health services of Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and other neighboring countries at risk for infection.
REFERENCIA

Briand S. et al. The International Ebola Emergency. NEJM 2014.

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