jueves, 24 de mayo de 2018

Defining the sizes of airborne particles that mediate influenza transmission in ferrets

Epidemics and pandemics of influenza are characterized by rapid global spread mediated by non-mutually exclusive transmission modes. The relative significance between contact, droplet, and airborne transmission is yet to be defined, a knowledge gap for implementing evidence-based infection control measures. We devised a transmission chamber that separates virus-laden particles by size and determined the particle sizes mediating transmission of influenza among ferrets through the air. Ferret-to-ferret transmission was mediated by airborne particles larger than 1.5 µm, consistent with the quantity and size of virus-laden particles released by the donors. Onward transmission by donors was most efficient before fever onset and may continue for 5 days after inoculation. Multiple virus gene segments enhanced the transmissibility of a swine influenza virus among ferrets by increasing the release of virus-laden particles into the air. We provide direct experimental evidence of influenza transmission via droplets and fine droplet nuclei, albeit at different efficiency.
REFERENCE:
Zhou, Jie et al. “Defining the Sizes of Airborne Particles That Mediate Influenza Transmission in Ferrets.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115.10 (2018): E2386–E2392. PMC. Web. 18 May 2018.

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