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lunes, 11 de diciembre de 2017

Enhancing Surveillance and Diagnostics in Anthrax-Endemic Countries

Naturally occurring anthrax disproportionately affects the health and economic welfare of poor, rural communities in anthrax-endemic countries. However, many of these countries have limited anthrax prevention and control programs. Effective prevention of anthrax outbreaks among humans is accomplished through routine livestock vaccination programs and prompt response to animal outbreaks. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention uses a 2-phase framework when providing technical assistance to partners in anthrax-endemic countries. The first phase assesses and identifies areas for improvement in existing human and animal surveillance, laboratory diagnostics, and outbreak response. The second phase provides steps to implement improvements to these areas. We describe examples of implementing this framework in anthrax-endemic countries. These activities are at varying stages of completion; however, the public health impact of these initiatives has been encouraging. The anthrax framework can be extended to other zoonotic diseases to build on these efforts, improve human and animal health, and enhance global health security.
REFERENCE:
Vieira, Antonio R. et al. “Enhancing Surveillance and Diagnostics in Anthrax-Endemic Countries.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 23.Suppl 1 (2017): S147–S153. PMC. Web. 9 Dec. 2017.

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