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lunes, 15 de febrero de 2016

Outbreak of Exanthematous Illness Associated with Zika, Chikungunya, and Dengue Viruses, Salvador, Brazil

Zika virus (ZIKV) has been recognized as an emerging mosquito-borne flavivirus since outbreaks were reported from Yap Island in 2007, French Polynesia in 2013, and Cook Island and New Caledonia in 2014. It has joined dengue virus (DENV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV) as global public health threats. ZIKV infection typically causes a self-limited dengue-like illness characterized by exanthema, low-grade fever, conjunctivitis, and arthralgia, and an increase in rates of Guillain-Barré syndrome have been observed during ZIKV outbreaks. In Brazil, clusters of cases of acute exanthematous illness have been reported from various regions since late 2014, and in April 2015, ZIKV was identified as the etiologic agent. In May 2015, the Brazilian Ministry of Health recognized circulation of ZIKV in Brazil. We report epidemiologic findings for an ongoing outbreak of acute exanthematous illness in the population of Salvador, the third largest city in Brazil.

REFERENCE:
Cardoso, Cristiane W. et al. “Outbreak of Exanthematous Illness Associated with Zika, Chikungunya, and Dengue Viruses, Salvador, Brazil.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 21.12 (2015): 2274–2276. PMC. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.
Musso, Didier. “Zika Virus Transmission from French Polynesia to Brazil.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 21.10 (2015): 1887. PMC. Web. 10 Feb. 2016.

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